Jennifer Ellison-Brown: Major causes and prevention of sports-related injuries

first_imgSport is a dynamic activity. When we play, we push our bodies to the limit, and this can lead to injury. Sometimes, of course, even when all precautions and great care have been taken, parts of the body can be injured either through sudden impact, movement or overuse. If such injuries keep occurring, more lasting damage can occur. Injuries can also occur because of environmental factors such as equipment, playing surfaces and weather conditions. Injuries can be classed as: – Accidental injuries (due to violence or the environment) – Overuse injuries – Chronic Injuries – Accidental injuries Accidental injuries are those that happen when they are least expected and can be caused by internal and external forces. Internal force is extra strain on the body parts when performance is at our highest level. A sudden stretch or twist can strain or tear muscles, tendons or ligament. Example: Sprinters can tear a hamstring in a race, footballers get groin strain through stretching or knee ligament damage from twisting. External forces come from outside and has to do with direct contact or violence from another player. Another external force is the environment. Injuries caused by violence are due to direct contact between players or equipment. Many sports have violent contact between opponents which may result in fractures, dislocations, sprains and bruises. They may also be caused by being hit by equipment such as a bat, ball, sticks or rackets. Breaking the rules can lead to violent injury. The environment can lead to injury due to facilities. For example, uneven playing surfaces can cause a player to trip and land heavily on the playing surface, or a player may collide with the goalpost. The weather conditions may cause dehydration, heat exhaustion and then heat stroke due to extreme heat and hypothermia due to extreme cold conditions. Never come back too soon after an injury before you know you are ready. Do not allow yourself to be pressured into performing before you are properly recovered. This will prevent further damage to the injured body part. ENOUGH REST AND RECOVERY PLAYING SURFACES Impatience at times causes players to ignore the need for a good warm-up before the start of an activity and a gentle cool-down at the end. A warm-up prepares the mind and body for the activity and helps reduce the risk of injury. It should involve a gradual increase in the heart rate and breathing rate. Stretching exercises are also important. A cool-down reverses the warm-up process and brings the mind and body back to a relaxed state. It helps to begin repaying of oxygen debt by maintaining an increased blood flow to the muscles to deliver oxygen to the tissue and remove lactic acid. PREVENTING SPORT INJURIES COOL DOWN The use of correct equipment for the activity and wearing the correct clothing can avoid injury. Protection for ankle, knees, hips and back by wearing the correct footwear and clothing must be comfortable for the environment. Equipment should be approved and safe. Activities should always be properly supervised with first aid equipment and material available. Safe practice and safety rules must be adhered to. The playing surface should always be safe and in appropriate condition. CORRECT PREPARATION Sometimes there is not much that can be done to prevent an injury from happening. However, it helps if training is progressive and safe, with proper rest periods, proper conditioning of the body and the right mental attitude. Those factors are important in reducing the risk. Always be properly prepared for the activity. The right skills, strategies, frame of mind and body condition to perform well must be developed. Not knowing what to do cause mistakes and injuries. These are caused by using a part of the body repeatedly over a long period of time. These injuries produce pain and inflammation. Common overuse injuries include ‘tennis or golf elbows’, ‘Shin splints’, ‘cricketer’s shoulder’, ‘blisters and calluses caused by gripping equipment tightly during activity. Some overuse injuries are caused by incorrect technique. All injuries must be treated at once. If they are placed under stress before they are healed, they will get worse. If this continues, a chronic injury will develop and will be difficult to heal. Chronic injury can lead to permanent damage. Lack of fitness and lack of knowledge of the rules of the sport can also cause injuries. OVERUSE INJURIES CORRECT EQUIPMENT AND CORRECT WARM-UP ANDlast_img read more

Bus driver, conductor charged for assaulting Traffic Cop

first_imgFollowing a public confrontation between bus operators and a police officer which has since gone viral on social media, two men have been arrested and charged for assaulting the traffic rank.The incident, which occurred on Wednesday, involved operators of Route 45 minibus, BTT 9225.Carlos Bacchus, 29, and Troy Peters, 34, of Victoria, East Coast Demerara (ECD), were slapped with a sleuth of charges including: breach of condition of road service licence, failure to produce driver’s licence, failure to comply with direction and resisting and assaulting an officer.The driver has also been detained and is assisting with the investigation.In light of these incidents, the Police Force is urging citizens to report all cases of misconduct of ranks to the relevant authorities in efforts to maintain peace and good order in society, rather than being confrontational since such behaviour will not be condoned.last_img read more

Queens Stair case GC2CXZQ GEOCACHE OF THE WEEK – March 12, 2012

first_imgView from near the cache location“Queens Stair Case” (GC2CXZQ) in the Bahamas leads geocachers to a marvel of the city. The Queen’s Staircase in Nassau descends into an Edan of Caribbean plants and local people.The tropical atmosphere is filled with merchants, who’ve become geocaching advocates.One geocacher who logged “Queens Stair case” writes, “Found [the cache] on Leap Day while visiting on a cruise. A vendor saw me looking for it and saw my GPS and asked if I was looking for the geocache. I said yes and she told me I was in the right location. Made a quick find and took a pic.”The location of the cache, combined with the friendly people and the rich history makes the “Queens Stair case” the most “favorited” geocache in the Bahamas. The difficulty one, terrain 1.5 traditional cache has more than 60 Favorite Points.View of the “Queen’s Staircase”Continue to explore some of the most engaging geocaches around the globe. Check out all the Geocaches of the Week on the Latitude 47 blog or view the Bookmark List on Geocaching.com.If you’ d like to nominate a Geocache of the Week, send an email with your name, comments, the name of the geocache, and the GC code to pr@groundspeak.com.Share with your Friends:More SharePrint RelatedPadlocks, RFID chips, and secret briefcases: an interview with a geocaching maniacMarch 12, 2019In “Geocaching Weekly Newsletter”Nananananananana BATMAN! — Batman’s Batcave (GC8413) — Geocache of the WeekDecember 11, 2013In “Community”Meet the German Robin Hood. — Schinderhannes (GC23VXF) — Geocache of the WeekJuly 17, 2013In “Community”last_img read more

A Decent Second Week Saved The US From Olympic Catastrophe

Now that the 2018 Winter Olympics are officially over, it’s time for one last update from our simple model that compares each country’s medal count with what we’d expect it to earn based on its history in each sport. Here’s how it works, in a nutshell: To get a given country’s baseline, we calculated how often it won gold, silver and bronze medals (out of all medals possible) in each Olympic sport from the 1998 Games through the 2014 Games.1With the exception of the Olympic athletes from Russia, who got a discounted version of the Russian Federation’s medal rates over the 1998-2014 span. Then, as things played out in Pyeongchang, we used those historical rates to determine how far every country was above or below its usual Winter Olympic pace. Here are the final numbers from 2018: Who impressed — and disappointed — in Pyeongchang?Actual and expected medal counts by country in the 2018 Winter Olympics 8Switzerland56415+1.4– 17Great Britain1045+2.6– 2Germany1410731-3.6– 12Japan45413+6.1– 18Belarus2103-0.9– Austria53614-7.1– New Zealand0022+2.0– 16Finland1146-3.3– Slovakia1203+1.7– 15Czech Republic2237+1.3– 10Sweden76114+2.5– 4United States98623-12.9– Liechtenstein0011+1.0– Slovenia0112-1.0– Ukraine1001-0.2– Olympic athletes from Russia26917-1.0*– 13Italy32510-0.7– Over the first half of the Olympics, the U.S. produced nine fewer medals than expected. In the second half, it was “only” 3.9 below its usual pace, and that number even briefly crept into positive territory after a five-medal performance on Day 13 that included a thrilling win over Canada in women’s ice hockey. Capping things off with a shocking upset gold in men’s curling (!!!), Team USA ended its stay in South Korea in better shape than it started.And, as Olympic researcher (and friend of the site) Bill Mallon points out, perhaps it was unfair to expect quite so much out of the U.S. this year anyway. The data we used to set America’s baseline included one Olympics with a home-field advantage (2002 in Salt Lake City), as well as another pseudo-home competition in Vancouver in 2010. Certainly, the travel to South Korea was much more grueling. Mallon also points out that the U.S.’s traditional dominance in X-Games style sports (such as snowboarding) might be eroding as other countries devote more attention to them — another reason why expectations based on recent history might have been unrealistic.Either way, the U.S. will leave Pyeongchang with a handful of indelible memories, despite the relative lack of medals overall. And the Norwegians, with their staggering 39 medals, will now have to grapple with their newfound status as an Olympic juggernaut.“We always want to win,” Norwegian sports commentator Fredrik Aukland told The New York Times. “But modesty is a big part of the culture here.”After Norway destroyed the field — and our medal tracker’s expectations — maybe braggadocio is the main thing it should work on going into the 2022 Games in Beijing. France54615+0.4– 14China1629-2.5– Australia0213-0.6– *Using medal rates for the Russian Federation, but with a 25 percent reduction to reflect that fewer athletes are competing this year, compared to previous games.Sources: Sports-Reference.com, International Olympic Committee CountryGoldSilverBronzeTotalvs. Expected 21Poland1012-1.8– 1Norway14141139+11.1– Latvia0011-0.7– Spain0022+2.0– Belgium0101+0.8– Kazakhstan0011+0.0 6South Korea58417+7.6– 5Netherlands86620+5.0– 25Hungary1001+1.0– Unsurprisingly, the record-breaking Norwegians blew away their expected total, nabbing 11 pieces of hardware more than expected based on the country’s track record. Olympic home-team South Korea also cleaned up, for nearly eight more medals than expected, continuing the general trend of host nations getting a major boost in performance at their own party. Meanwhile, others near the top of the table, such as Germany and Canada, medalled at a rate basically in line with what we’d expect (despite the latter’s existential curling crisis).And then there were the Americans. During the games, I wrote about the U.S.’s struggles, and Team USA did end up being the biggest underachiever in medals versus expected, with a -12.9 mark. That sense of letdown can be seen not just via our simple tracker, but also in the U.S. Olympic Committee’s internal projections — which, according to The Associated Press, set 37 medals as the expected target. Team USA is going home with 23 instead, its fewest in a Winter Olympics since 1998. (Interestingly, it did have the same number of golds — nine — as it did in each of the past three Winter Games, but many fewer silvers and bronzes.)A series of disappointing performances by big pre-Olympic favorites contributed to the generally mediocre showing for the U.S. But if there is any consolation, it’s that most of the U.S.’s underperformance happened in its first week or so in Pyeongchang, as Team USA did its best to right the ship in week 2: 3Canada1181029+1.2– read more

Bryan Monroe Sounds Off on Imus Return

first_imgAt the 2007 FOLIO: show, I met Bryan Monroe, the editorial director of Ebony and Jet magazines. His name, though, I already knew as the National Association of Black Journalists president, or, more to the point, the guy who held Viacom and NBC’s feet to the fire over the Imus/Rutgers’ women/”nappy-headed ‘hos” debacle. Since Imus’ recent return to the airwaves, I thought posting the video interview above now seemed prescient.last_img

What is the G20

first_imgRussia`s President Vladimir Putin (L) welcomes Chinese President Xi Jinping (R) during their meeting on July 4, 2017 at the Kremlin in Moscow, as part of Jinping`s two-day visit to Moscow. AFPThe Group of 20 leading industrialised and emerging powers hold annual summits on economic governance, with wars and crises often overtaking the official agenda.Grouping the United States and other G7 members with giants such as China, India and Russia, it represents two thirds of the world population, three quarters of world trade and about 80 percent of economic output.The other members are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey and the European Union.The G20, with its ministerial-level beginnings in 1999, first met for a summit in 2008 in Washington to discuss ways to achieve balanced and sustainable world economic growth.Critics charge that the “self-appointed” club undermines the role of the international bodies, such the United Nations, International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank.The grouping has often been a magnet for protesters, including at this year’s meet in Hamburg, Germany.At the 2010 summit in Toronto, thousands of anti-capitalist protesters clashed with Canadian police, leaving dozens injured on both sides and sparking mass arrests.The list of G20 members does not strictly reflect the world’s 20 biggest economies. Some non-members such as Switzerland have bigger economies than, for example, member Argentina.The leaders mostly meet behind closed doors and lack the power to enforce binding decisions or rules.The heads of global and regional bodies are invited to the summits — among them the chiefs of the UN, IMF, World Bank, WTO, African Union, APEC and Southeast Asia’s ASEAN.Rotating G20 summits also invite guest nations, including “permanent guest” Spain and, this year, partner countries the Netherlands, Norway and Singapore.Next year’s G20 host will be Argentina.last_img

And Were Off — The Texas Redistricting Trial Starts Today

first_imgIllustration by Anneke Paterson / Todd WisemanDid Texas target voters by race? No, the state says — even though they admit to drawing maps in a partisan way, which is something courts have allowed in the past.The curtains are rising on the redistricting case in Texas today as three federal judges in San Antonio begin a week-long trial centered on a crucial question: Did the state intentionally weaken voting rights for millions of Texans just because of their skin color? With 2018 elections coming into sight, the clock is ticking — and the trial could set the stage for shaking up races across the state. Here’s what you need to know: • How did we get here? After fresh census data came out in 2010, the Republican-controlled Texas Legislature drafted new political boundaries. Minority rights groups immediately raised a red flag, calling the new state and congressional maps discriminatory toward Latino and black voters across Texas. A court drew temporary maps ahead of the 2012 elections in response; lawmakers formally adopted those in 2013 and the state has used them ever since. • The issue flared this spring when the same three judges heading the trial this week dealt two blows to the state. They first ruled that three of Texas’ 36 congressional districts were drawn illegally. The judges took issue with the state’s House map a month later, saying the political boundaries intentionally discriminated against minorities statewide and in particular districts. • The divide: Texas wants the trio of judges to dump the legal challenge of the maps. Minority rights groups want the maps — which they argue were meant to be temporary — redrawn before the 2018 election cycle. Did Texas target voters by race? No, the state says — even though they admit to drawing maps in a partisan way, which is something courts have allowed in the past. Meanwhile, the U.S. Supreme Court is about to consider another major redistricting case challenging maps drawn to gain partisan advantage. • Tick tock. If the judges order new maps, it would send lawmakers scrambling to create new ones without delaying the upcoming elections. If the involved parties aren’t happy with the eventual ruling, the case could head to the U.S. Supreme Court, potentially altering timing for candidates in the 2018 election cycle. The trial is expected wrap up Friday or Saturday, but it’s unclear when the judges will rule. Sharelast_img read more

Trump Cabinet Turnover Sets Record Going Back 100 Years

first_img Share President Trump speaks during a Cabinet meeting on June 12, 2017. From left are, Vice President Mike Pence, foreground, then-Health and Human Services Secretary Tom Price, Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke and Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and the president. Price was fired by Trump last year, Tillerson was fired last week.Last week, when #firingFriday was trending on Twitter and White House aides had to be reassured by the chief of staff that no changes were imminent, President Trump embraced the uncertainty in public statements. His willingness to say “you’re fired” to so many people, so early in his administration is just another way Trump is unlike those who have come before him.No elected first-term president in the past 100 years has had this much Cabinet turnover this early in his presidency. And going back to Ronald Reagan, the churn in top-level staff in the Trump White House is off the charts.“There will always be change, and I think you want to see change,” Trump said Thursday not quite tamping down the latest rumors of possible Cabinet departures. “And I want to also see different ideas.”In just under 14 months on the job, Trump has had more Cabinet turnover than 14 of his predecessors had in their first two years. Trump has already tied Presidents Ford and Harding, with three departures each. Ronald Reagan had four Cabinet departures and they all came well into his second year in office.The three Cabinet members Trump has already replaced are Health and Human Services Secretary Tom Price, who was pushed out after controversy over flying in charter aircraft; Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly, who became chief of staff over the summer; and Secretary of State Rex Tillerson who was fired by tweet recently over policy and personality clashes.Several other members of the Cabinet are either clouded in controversy over possible misuse of public funds or otherwise earning the ire of President Trump. Other presidents with early Cabinet turnover saw departures for entirely different reasons.Herbert Hoover’s first War Secretary, James Good, died suddenly 258 days into his tenure. Franklin D. Roosevelt’s first Treasury Secretary, William Woodin, fell ill, writing after just nine months on the job “the state of my health will not permit me to remain in this position.” He died a few months later.Over the approximately 100-year period reviewed for this story, there were Cabinet shake-ups and shuffles, secretaries who departed to take on new roles either in the administration or on the Supreme Court. There were resignations amidst policy disagreements, and perhaps most remarkably there was an agriculture secretary who served in the job for less than 90 days, while waiting to take office as governor of West Virginia.First term ‘dream team’Typically in the first two years, a president has his dream team Cabinet in place and they are working hard to enact his vision. Then midterm elections come, people get tired and Cabinet shake-ups begin.“Other presidents wanted to save face for themselves and not look like their Cabinet is in disarray,” said James Pfiffner, explaining one of many possible reasons for the typical early stability in presidential Cabinets.Pfiffner is a professor of public policy at George Mason University who specializes in presidents and their Cabinets. Also, he says most presidents have a political background and choose Cabinet members they know and are compatible with who have long-established histories navigating Washington, D.C. Trump’s original Cabinet included a number of outsiders, perhaps most notably Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, who came from ExxonMobil and who Trump didn’t know beforehand.“President Trump doesn’t pay much attention to tradition or usual decorum or norms of the presidency,” Pfiffner said, pointing out that Trump puts a premium on personal rapport. “And so he does what he feels like, and continues to.”For this analysis, NPR looked at the first two years of Cabinet departures for presidents going back to Woodrow Wilson. We didn’t count holdovers from previous administrations (especially prevalent when a president took over following a death or resignation), instead focusing on Senate-confirmed secretaries in each president’s first two years and how long they lasted. Which jobs are considered Cabinet positions has changed over time, so we opted to use the same definition as the U.S. Senate historian. This means Trump’s chief of staff and CIA director aren’t part of the count, and neither is the administrator of the Small Business Administration (a position presidents Clinton and Carter had to refill early on).As to whether Trump’s tally of turnover is likely to rise anytime soon, press secretary Sarah Sanders was asked whether the president had offered assurances about job security to VA Secretary David Shulkin or HUD Secretary Ben Carson. And all she would say was: “We don’t have any personnel changes at this time.”Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.last_img read more

Millie Bobby Brown Leaves Twitter After Becoming Homophobic Meme

first_img David Harbour: Season 1 of ‘Stranger Things’ Was ‘The Most Miserable Time in My Life’Volume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9Next UpHow to Spot a Bootleg Cannabis Vape Cartridge | RS News 8/30/1901:45 twitter facebook reddit Linkhttps://variety.com/2018/digital/news/millie-bobby-brown-homophobic-meme-1202845084/?jwsource=clCopied EmbedCopiedLive00:0003:0203:02More Videos01:45How to Spot a Bootleg Cannabis Vape Cartridge | RS News 8/30/1930:31David Harbour & Kyle MacLachlan – Full Actors on Actors Video00:37Brad Pitt on Retirement01:28Rosalia on Who She Wants to See at the VMAs00:58Young Thug and Lizzo Top the RS Charts | RS Charts News 9/29/1902:16Leonardo DiCaprio & Brad Pitt Talk ‘Once Upon a Time in Hollywood,’ Working With Quentin TarantinoClose There’s a history of users bullying public figures on social media, until they’ve decided they’ve had enough. Leslie Jones left Twitter in 2016 as a result of racist Twitter memes and another “Star Wars” actress, Daisy Ridley, quit Instagram after receiving backlash from an anti-gun post.Brown will return to play Eleven in the upcoming third season of Netflix’s “Stranger Things.”RELATED CONTENT: Until the recent deactivation, the teenage actress was active on the social media platform, frequently posting about the events of her day, political statements, and photos of her relationship with YouTuber and musician Jacob Sartorius. Sartorius has not commented on social media about Brown’s account deletion.Brown’s secondary, anti-bullying Twitter account, @Milliestopshate, is still live, though.center_img A week after trolls from the “Star Wars” fanbase harassed and bullied “The Last Jedi’s” Kelly Marie Tran off Instagram, 14-year-old “Stranger Things” actress Millie Bobby Brown has deleted her Twitter account after various Twitter users posted memes depicting her as a violent homophobe, some garnering thousands of reacts.The meme-generators generally take various selfies and photos of Brown, and add homophobic statements and slurs. Brown is public supporter of GLAAD’s Together movement and has previously voiced support for Parkland shooting survivors.The reason behind the memes remains unclear, though several Twitter users have claimed they originated as an inside joke for LGBT tweeters.last_img read more