Jennifer Ellison-Brown: Major causes and prevention of sports-related injuries

first_imgSport is a dynamic activity. When we play, we push our bodies to the limit, and this can lead to injury. Sometimes, of course, even when all precautions and great care have been taken, parts of the body can be injured either through sudden impact, movement or overuse. If such injuries keep occurring, more lasting damage can occur. Injuries can also occur because of environmental factors such as equipment, playing surfaces and weather conditions. Injuries can be classed as: – Accidental injuries (due to violence or the environment) – Overuse injuries – Chronic Injuries – Accidental injuries Accidental injuries are those that happen when they are least expected and can be caused by internal and external forces. Internal force is extra strain on the body parts when performance is at our highest level. A sudden stretch or twist can strain or tear muscles, tendons or ligament. Example: Sprinters can tear a hamstring in a race, footballers get groin strain through stretching or knee ligament damage from twisting. External forces come from outside and has to do with direct contact or violence from another player. Another external force is the environment. Injuries caused by violence are due to direct contact between players or equipment. Many sports have violent contact between opponents which may result in fractures, dislocations, sprains and bruises. They may also be caused by being hit by equipment such as a bat, ball, sticks or rackets. Breaking the rules can lead to violent injury. The environment can lead to injury due to facilities. For example, uneven playing surfaces can cause a player to trip and land heavily on the playing surface, or a player may collide with the goalpost. The weather conditions may cause dehydration, heat exhaustion and then heat stroke due to extreme heat and hypothermia due to extreme cold conditions. Never come back too soon after an injury before you know you are ready. Do not allow yourself to be pressured into performing before you are properly recovered. This will prevent further damage to the injured body part. ENOUGH REST AND RECOVERY PLAYING SURFACES Impatience at times causes players to ignore the need for a good warm-up before the start of an activity and a gentle cool-down at the end. A warm-up prepares the mind and body for the activity and helps reduce the risk of injury. It should involve a gradual increase in the heart rate and breathing rate. Stretching exercises are also important. A cool-down reverses the warm-up process and brings the mind and body back to a relaxed state. It helps to begin repaying of oxygen debt by maintaining an increased blood flow to the muscles to deliver oxygen to the tissue and remove lactic acid. PREVENTING SPORT INJURIES COOL DOWN The use of correct equipment for the activity and wearing the correct clothing can avoid injury. Protection for ankle, knees, hips and back by wearing the correct footwear and clothing must be comfortable for the environment. Equipment should be approved and safe. Activities should always be properly supervised with first aid equipment and material available. Safe practice and safety rules must be adhered to. The playing surface should always be safe and in appropriate condition. CORRECT PREPARATION Sometimes there is not much that can be done to prevent an injury from happening. However, it helps if training is progressive and safe, with proper rest periods, proper conditioning of the body and the right mental attitude. Those factors are important in reducing the risk. Always be properly prepared for the activity. The right skills, strategies, frame of mind and body condition to perform well must be developed. Not knowing what to do cause mistakes and injuries. These are caused by using a part of the body repeatedly over a long period of time. These injuries produce pain and inflammation. Common overuse injuries include ‘tennis or golf elbows’, ‘Shin splints’, ‘cricketer’s shoulder’, ‘blisters and calluses caused by gripping equipment tightly during activity. Some overuse injuries are caused by incorrect technique. All injuries must be treated at once. If they are placed under stress before they are healed, they will get worse. If this continues, a chronic injury will develop and will be difficult to heal. Chronic injury can lead to permanent damage. Lack of fitness and lack of knowledge of the rules of the sport can also cause injuries. OVERUSE INJURIES CORRECT EQUIPMENT AND CORRECT WARM-UP ANDlast_img read more

U.N. panel urges prison camp be closed

first_imgGENEVA (AP) – A key U.N. panel on Friday joined European and United Nations leaders in urging the Bush administration to close its prison in Guantanamo Bay, saying the indefinite detention of terror suspects there violates the world’s ban on torture. The report by the Committee Against Torture came as the U.S. military disclosed that prisoners wielding improvised weapons clashed with guards trying to stop a detainee from committing suicide. The panel also said the United States should ensure that no prisoner is subjected to torture. The U.S. government insisted it complies with the treaty, including at the lockup at Guantanamo on Cuba. “It is important to note that everything that is done in terms of questioning detainees is fully within the boundaries of American law,” White House press secretary Tony Snow said. German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen are among leaders friendly to the Bush administration who have said Guantanamo should close, while British Prime Minister Tony Blair has said it will eventually have to close. U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan and U.N. investigators also have called for shutting the prison. President Bush has said he would like to close Guantanamo, but is waiting for a Supreme Court ruling on whether inmates can face military tribunals. The United States expressed disappointment with the committee report, which was based on two sessions this month with a 25-member delegation of officials from Washington and hundreds of pages of U.S. documents. “It’s unfortunate that they don’t appear to have read a good deal of that information or have ignored it, and as a result there are a number of both factual inaccuracies and legal misstatements about the law applicable to the United States,” said State Department legal adviser John B. Bellinger III. Bellinger, who led the U.S. delegation at the panel hearings, said it is “legally wrong” to say the existence of Guantanamo violates the 1984 U.N. Convention Against Torture. He said the report is “factually wrong” in stating Guantanamo detainees lack access to the judicial process. “It’s been ordered by our Supreme Court that they have access to judicial process and every detainee in Guantanamo has access to counsel and to our courts,” Bellinger said. The U.N. committee also said detainees should not be handed over to any country where they could face a “real risk” of being tortured. Bellinger said it was not “practical” to recommend that Guantanamo be closed but insist that prisoners shouldn’t be sent to a large number of countries. “So it’s not exactly clear what they think ought to happen to these individuals,” he said. The committee periodically reviews the performance of the United States and each of the other 140 signatories of the anti-torture treaty. The criticism carries no penalties beyond international scrutiny, but human rights activists said it could influence U.S. public opinion. Andreas Mavrommatis, a Cypriot rights expert who was chairman of the committee’s review of U.S. procedures, said the report should not be blown out of proportion because the United States has “a very good record of human rights” overall. “Yes, we have identified certain” problems in the war on terrorism, Mavrommatis said. “We are telling them we hope to have a dialogue, and we trust that they might take the necessary measures to improve.” The panel said it was worried detainees were being held for protracted periods with insufficient legal safeguards and without judicial review. Bellinger noted the United States had acknowledged problems at Iraq’s Abu Ghraib prison and elsewhere, but said it has worked to make improvements. “We have tightened our laws and our procedures, so we believe that we are already working very hard to address the areas of concern raised by the committee,” he said. There have been about 800 investigations into allegations of mistreatment in Afghanistan and Iraq, the U.S. delegation told the panel. The Defense Department took action against more than 250 service personnel, with 89 of those convicted at courts-martial. Associated Press writers Terence Hunt in Washington and Sam Cage and Bradley S. Klapper in Geneva contributed to this report. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREBasketball roundup: Sierra Canyon, Birmingham set to face off in tournament quarterfinals160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

Donegal-developed app turning early childhood services GREEN!

first_imgLeading Donegal learning consultant Avril McMonagle is set to launch a new app for an environmentally friendly approach to early childhood care.MOSAIC: A Portrait of Early Learning has been designed to streamline the recording of children’s learning and development in early childhood services. The app is set to hit the ground running in September 2019.MOSAIC is the brainchild of Avril McMonagle, who is also the founder of Meantóir, a professional support service for early childhood education based in Inishowen. Avril McMonagle – who lives in Inis Eoghain, holds an MEd from Queens Graduate School of Education and a BA (Hons) in Early Childhood Studies from Queens University Belfast.Developed specifically for the Irish market, MOSAIC is an online and mobile App that will allow educators to record, compile a progressive record of children’s learning and development under the themes of Aistear, the Irish early childhood curriculum framework. By compiling observations, photographs, audio recordings and samples of work; an informative picture of the child will build up over time in the form of an individual online Leabhar Scéalta (Storybook) unique to each child. The information is then shared with parents in real-time.In designing the concept for MOSAIC, Avril had a number of prerequisites – she wanted the app to not only to be environmentally and cost effective, she wanted to keep the needs of the child to the forefront of the education tool. “Childcare services are now so pressurised by cumbersome administration duties, that I wanted to develop a tool for educators that was solely about the child as opposed to a one size fits all administration system for outside bodies,” she said.  Avril believes that among the key strengths of MOSAIC is its simplicity. She commented: “At the development phase of the App, I was very aware of the need for MOSAIC to be accessible for educators of varying levels of IT skill and experience. “I am delighted that we have been successful in creating a seamless and uncomplicated system that I challenge anyone not to be able to use!”MOSAIC is also a win-win development for early childhood services and for parents.  It promotes an environmentally friendly approach to record keeping thereby enabling huge cost and staff time efficiencies for early childhood services. Parents will be able to download the Parents App from Google Play and receive timely communications and learning updates on their child in real time on their mobile phone.MOSAIC AppThe first round of demonstration events is almost complete with Avril heading to Monaghan this week to deliver a presentation to a group of Monaghan County Childcare Committee clients.  Avril is delighted with the response so far saying: “I am overwhelmed with the way Mosaic has been received so far. Everyone who has attended demonstration events were highly impressed with the way it functions and can’t wait to get started in September.”The option of training on documenting and planning for children’s learning will also be provided by Meantóir starting in September to ensure that early childhood service staff can use the app with maximum efficiency. See the Mosaic App here: For more information on MOSAIC – see or email Donegal-developed app turning early childhood services GREEN! was last modified: July 15th, 2019 by Staff WriterShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)Tags:AppAvril McMonagleearly learningMeantóirmosaiclast_img read more

Oakland A’s starting rotation: Where do the candidates stand?

first_imgCLICK HERE if you are having a problem viewing the photos on a mobile deviceMESA, Ariz. — It’s crunch time for A’s pitchers with the club flying to Japan in 10 days to open the season.A spring training battle royale that began more than 10 pitchers vying for the final slot in the starting rotation seems have been narrowed to five.Chris Bassitt, Paul Blackburn, Aaron Brooks, top prospect Jesús Luzardo and Frankie Montas have made a case this spring that they deserve the job. Mike …last_img

Former Giants closer Sam Dyson accused of domestic violence by ex-girlfriend

first_imgIn a series of disturbing social media posts, the girlfriend of former Giants reliever Sam Dyson has accused the free-agent pitcher of domestic violence.Alexis Elizabeth claimed on Instagram that the 31-year-old Dyson has bullied her and also injured her cat during his angry outbursts that included him throwing things at her and her cat. Elizabeth used Instagram posts on Sunday to reveal what she said has been a pattern of abusive behavior by Dyson.last_img

Bus rapid transit: so far, so good

first_img12 October 2009Laden with shopping bags, a woman disembarks at the Ellis Park East Station to make her way to her little Bertrams home, just a stone’s throw away.In passing she greets an acquaintance and her child, leisurely strolling up the station ramp in the opposite direction, the hurry in their step reserved for when they disembark at their final destination in Thokoza Park, Soweto, which they call home – after all, there are enough buses to take them home should they miss this one.Volunteers are on hand to assist passengers with queries. And sure enough, another bus is already rounding the corner at the bottom of Bertrams Drive, ready to take this one’s place in the next minute or two.This is Johannesburg’s new Rea Vaya bus rapid transit (BRT) system in action, and it looks and feels first-class, say commuters.The two red articulated buses – travelling in opposite directions – are docked at the station simultaneously, and people move with ease through the ticketing and boarding process, with volunteers on hand to assist passengers with queries.About 850 pairs of feet walk through Ellis Park East Station daily. It is not the busiest station on the Rea Vaya trunk route; this label is reserved for Thokoza Park, where commuters numbers top about 1 500 a day.First monthIt is barely 40 days into operations for Johannesburg’s BRT system, and numbers remain steady at about 12 000 passengers a day, says Rea Vaya project manager, Jacques van Zijl.“The demand on the trunk route is very good. All our buses are well utilised.”Rea Vaya is also offering services to and from Orlando and Ellis Park stadiums on an events basis, Van Zijl confirms.The road this far has not been without its speed bumps. The biggest challenge is for buses to stick to their timetables, he admits. Not all of the BRT lanes have been completed, and in some parts of the city Rea Vaya buses still have to make use of normal traffic lanes.“We are trying to mitigate this problem. Johannesburg metro police will be introducing contra-flow lanes [for the buses] in the Diepkloof area and in Noord Street towards Fashion Square and adding pointsmen.”Van Zijl says the problem with the stations doors will soon be a thing of the past, too. At the moment, station ambassadors open the doors as the door operating system interfered with the bus system. All buses are being fitted with new technology which will allow the driver to open the station doors from inside the bus, without any interference.Taxi drivers on boardThe 40 buses currently being used on the trunk and circular inner city routes are solely driven by 75 former taxi drivers, all hand-picked and trained over a one-month period by skilled Metrobus instructors. And judging by the ease and speed with which they are coming up to the stations, being a Rea Vaya bus driver is just another job in the driving seat.Not so, indicates a group of off-duty drivers catching up on some gossip between shifts. Driving the Rea Vaya buses is a pleasure compared to their past taxi-driving jobs. And they had no problem finding their bus-driving feet, although some still find station docking a bit of a challenge.On board, the drivers switch to the latest in technology, with access to a GPS system, panic buttons, route and destination screens, a public address system and CCTV cameras.An additional feature of this high-tech system is sure to thrill their old taxi driving hearts: referred to as the Automatic Passenger Management System (APMS), drivers will also be able to communicate and manipulate traffic signals, switching red lights to green, lengthening the period for green lights, even shortening the period for a red light – all so that they are able to run their buses exactly on schedule.The APMS has been fitted to all the vehicles and will be fully operational in about two months’ time when the back office and control centre becomes operational, to be run from the Joburg Roads Agency offices in Sauer Street, confirms Van Zijl.Not on boardUnfortunately, co-operation from Johannesburg’s motorists and taxis is not good, he says. They use the BRT lanes all the time and sneak back after they have been directed out by the metro police. And in the inner city, vehicles are parked at almost all the stations, forcing buses to load and off-load in the middle of the road, he says.Traffic signaling, lane painting and signage also still need attention. “We have a long way to go with law enforcement and the rest.”For now, the BRT project office will focus its energy on fine-tuning the first phase of Rea Vaya so that it runs smoothly come the 2010 Fifa World Cup. This includes introducing feeder buses and complementary modes of transport.“Going forward, the goal is to have phase 1A working properly by 2010.”Source: City of Johannesburglast_img read more

South African Premier Business Awards finalists named

first_imgThe finalists in the South African Premier Business Awards were announced by the Trade and Industry Minister Rob Davies where he also confirmed that the fifth annual gala event will be held on 30 January 2018.Proudly South African Public Relations Manager Deryn Graham; Trade and Industry Minister Rob Davies; and Rabia Metedad, Brand South Africa Activations Manager, are guests at the media launch. (Images: Melissa Javan)Melissa JavanThe finalists in the 10 categories in the fifth annual South African Premier Business Awards were announced in Johannesburg on Monday, 20 November 2017, at the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (JSE).The awards are hosted in partnership with the Department of Trade and Industry, Brand South Africa and Proudly South African. The winners will be announced at a gala event to be held on 30 January 2018, which will take the theme “Rewarding Business Excellence”.“The awards seek to recognise and celebrate entrepreneurs and companies that invest in both human and technical resources in various activities that are producing quality products and services,” Trade and Industry Minister Rob Davies said in his keynote address.They recognised and honoured local enterprises that promoted the spirit of success, innovation, job creation, quality and good business ethics in South Africa’s business community. “They will also showcase the best that South Africa has to offer in terms of products and services made in South Africa.”The awards were not about winning money, the minister stressed; rather, it was about prestige – which the department hoped to increase. The finalists should be proud that they had reached this level of the competition.Minister Rob DaviesSponsors and affiliate partnersThe sponsors of the South African Premier Business Awards are Tsogo Sun, the JSE (affiliate partner) and Wits Business School (academic partner).The prizes are:Wits Business School will provide executive development programmes to qualifying employees from selected winners to the total value of R1-million.The Investor of the Year will get JSE-accredited training for five of the company’s executives or staff members.Tsogo Sun will give weekend accommodation to select winners anywhere in South Africa.Thanking the sponsors, Davies said: “This is a sign that we can work together to make South Africa better.”There were 179 nominations this year.The finalistsInvestors AwardQK Meats SADefy AppliancesSumitomo Rubbers South AfricaCoega Development CorporationExporters AwardSumitomo Rubbers South AfricaSimplus InnovationQK Meats SAAerosud AviationGEW TechnologiesEnterprise Development Support AwardSumitomo Rubbers South AfricaNational Urban Reconstruction and Housing AgencyParamixedNampak ProductsSasol South AfricaManufacturers AwardNdokhulu Hydraulic and Mining SupplierExodusThekwini Wire & FastnersThata Ubeke ManufacturingBlack Industrialists AwardNdokhulu Hydraulic and Mining SupplierThekwini Wire & FastnersThata Ubeke ManufacturingShandos ConstructionBlessing ConnectSMME AwardMaid 4 ULulaway HoldingsMzwethembela TradingFloida Engineering ServicesBarui Briehoek CooperativeNdoukhulu Hydraulic and Mining SupplierKhuphulanani Training InstituteYoung Entrepreneur AwardIntercessor Army FranchingSikuphiwe TradingKreetiv CommunicationsGridbow Engineers and Technical ServicesMasifunde Training CentreIsimangaliso GroupMpiloSimplus InnovationTnM InnovationsWomen-owned Business AwardFloida Engineering ServicesKreetiv CommunicationBBD Steel SuppliesKhuphulanani Training InstituteExodusKhalalaProudly South African Enterprise AwardMaid 4 ULa Van Skin and Body Excellence SystemEkurhuleni Artisans and Skills Training CentrePlay Your Part AwardSihles BrewEkurhuleni Artisan and Skills Training CentreNampak ProductsLittle Green NumberClover Mama Africa TrustWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.last_img read more

Ex-Stoke defender Teixeira dies aged 25

first_imgDionatan Ex-Stoke defender Teixeira dies aged 25 Goal 16:37 11/6/17 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(0) Dionatan Teixeira Stoke City Getty Stoke City Sheriff Divizia Națională Premier League The centre-back passed away on Sunday after reportedly suffering a heart attack in Brazil Former Stoke City defender Dionatan Teixeira has died of a suspected heart attack at the age of 25.The Brazilian centre-back, who had been playing for Moldovan side Sheriff Tiraspol, reportedly passed away in his homeland on Sunday while playing a game of football with friends. He is survived by his wife and daughter.Teixeira signed for Stoke in 2014 after a trial and spent three years at the bet365 Stadium. After a season on loan with Fleetwood Town, Teixeira made just two appearances for Stoke’s senior side before being released in January 2017 and snapped up by Sheriff. He made 10 appearances as Sheriff lifted the Moldovan league title last season. Editors’ Picks Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing Megan Rapinoe: Born & brilliant in the U.S.A. A Liverpool legend in the making: Behind Virgil van Dijk’s remarkable rise to world’s best player The Potters expressed their condolences with Teixeira’s family after hearing the news of his passing.Chief executive Tony Scholes told the club’s website: “Dionatan was a hugely popular member of our squad and it’s difficult to comprehend that he has passed away at such a young age.“Our thoughts and prayers go out to his young family and friends at such a difficult time.”Sheriff also released a statement, saying the entire club had been shaken by the news.”The whole team of FC Sheriff, from simple workers to the management of the club, is shocked by the tragic news. The pain of loss is great.”We express our sincere condolences to the relatives and friends of Dionatan. He will remain forever in our hearts.”last_img read more

Wrongful conviction award for British Columbia man capped at 8 million

first_imgVANCOUVER – The B.C. Court of Appeal says the provincial government will not have to pay the full $8 million in compensation awarded to a man who spent 27 years in prison before he was acquitted of sexual assault.A B.C. Supreme Court judge granted Ivan Henry the award last year, saying the Crown wrongfully withheld relevant information in a “shocking disregard” for his rights.Henry was convicted of 10 counts of sexual assault in 1983 and was given an indefinite sentence before he was released on appeal and then acquitted of the charges in 2010.Henry had settled out of court in a damage claim against the City of Vancouver and the federal government for $5.1 million, with the lower court judge ruling the money should be deducted from the damage award against the province.Henry appealed the decision, saying the award of constitutional damages was for more than compensation and included damages for vindication and deterrence.But an Appeal Court panel of three judges unanimously disagreed and said requiring the province to pay the entire $8 million settlement on top of the $5.1 million would have constituted a double recovery for Henry.“He would receive an additional sum in the millions of dollars, which would not be fair to the state,” Justice David Tysoe says in the written ruling released Monday.The court says additional awards against the city and the federal government for vindication and deterrence weren’t necessary.The lower court decision said the Crown in Henry’s original trial made an intentional decision not to disclose information relevant to his case, including that Vancouver police had more than one suspect for the sexual assaults.last_img read more