Jennifer Ellison Brown: Principles of training and conditioning

first_img Training must be varied to avoid tedium (boredom). This is done by using a variety of different training methods to keep the enthusiasm and motivation. For example, follow a long workout with a short one, a high intensive session with a relaxed one, or a high-speed session with a slow one. Varying training methods also helps to avoid injuries. The body needs time to recover and adapt to training. Therefore, the stress placed on the body must be gradual or progressive. If the stress is built up too quickly, the risk of injury is great; also, if the challenge is too difficult, it could lead to demotivation. The body training threshold informs us when training is at the optimal level. Progressive loading, with the right amount of rest period for recovery, should result in performance improvement. Fitness cannot be stored for future use. It will disappear if training stops. It takes only three to four weeks for the body to get out of condition. For example, strength training makes the muscles thicken. This is called hypertrophy. If the training stops, the muscle shrinks, leading to atrophy. Therefore, to maintain any improvements, exercise or training has to be repeated regularly. Principle of progression Principle of specificity Principles of training Principle of reversibilitycenter_img This is choosing the right training for the sport or precise exercise for specific muscle groups. The type of training or exercise must be right for the type of improvement we need. Training should focus on the physiological and the psychological factors special to the activity for which the person is being trained. For example, sprinters must include a lot of speed work in their training to develop their fast-twitch muscle fibres. Training is a process based on principles which try to improve physical fitness and motor skills. It involves a balance between work, rest and recovery. Without proper rest, over training and burnout can occur. This, in time, causes performance and motivation to decrease. We all have some natural ability in sport. However, ability alone is not enough. Therefore, for steady progress and to avoid injury, the basic principles should be followed in planning an effective training programme. These five principles are designed to guide the achievement of fitness in a safe way. – Specificity – train for our own particular sport. – Progression – increase training gradually. – Overload – work harder than normal. – Reversibility – we lose fitness if we stop training. – Variation – make training interesting. The body will adapt to extra stress, therefore allowing the systems to work harder than normal will increase fitness. This is done by basing the training on the FITT principle, which is increasing Frequency, Intensity and Time for the Type of activity or exercise. For example, running more times per week, completing the run in a shorter time or increasing the distance, will aid in improving aerobic fitness. Each method will overload the aerobic system, which will gradually adapt to cope with the overload, hereby improving fitness. Principle of  variation Principle of overloadlast_img read more

DPP CONSIDERING CHARGES IN DONALDSON MURDER, INQUEST HEARS

first_imgTHE DIRECTOR of Public Prosecutions is considering whether or not to bring charges in the case of Denis Donaldson, the former IRA and Sinn Fein shot dead by dissident terrorists in Donegal more than six years ago.The former senior Sinn Fein official had confessed to spying for police Special Branch and secret service MI5 just months before he was killed.Donaldson, 56, was murdered in his remote home at Classey, Cloghercor, outside Glenties on April 4th 2006. He had been operating as a British spy for 20 years and was shot four times in the chest, face, arm and hand in a rented cottage.Although there have been three arrests relating to Donaldson’s brutal murder, nobody has ever been charged in connection with it.Two were arrested in Donegal and a third man – a leading dissident – in Derry.Supt Michael Finan told an inquest in Letterkenny today that a file on the Donaldson killing had been submitted to the DPP.Further information had been sought by the DPP and given to him by Gardai, he said.The case was adjourned until September at which point Coroner Denis McCauley said he hoped to be in a position to have a pre-case hearing, if there weren’t any charges brought.Witness statements in the case were handed in by a state solicitor to the coroner today.The family’s solicitor Ciaran Shiels told Mr McCauley that they “took some comfort” from the terms of reference in which a future inquest would take place.This would include an examination of Mr Donaldson’s life whilst living in the North as well as information on all who met him in the days before his death in the Co Donegal cottage.DPP CONSIDERING CHARGES IN DONALDSON MURDER, INQUEST HEARS was last modified: March 21st, 2013 by BrendaShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:DPP CONSIDERING CHARGES IN DONALDSON MURDERINQUEST HEARSlast_img read more

Matt Saal, July 6

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest We are pretty soggy. We got a big rain on Tuesday or Wednesday and it just poured. It was really wet after that and took a long time to dry out.There is still a lot of unevenness in the corn with a lot of yellow short corn in the low spots. The high spots and well-drained fields look really good in the corn. The soybeans are about the same.It has been a challenge getting second cutting made. Some guys have gotten started and done with second cutting, but we are just getting started today to try and get some made before the next rain. They are calling for a 100% chance on Tuesday and Wednesday. I have not seen leafhopper problems this year and I don’t know of anyone who has sprayed.The earliest I saw wheat harvested around here was Thursday last week. Depending on the year, guys can get started with wheat by the end of June around here.I think people are still optimistic about getting good corn and soybean yields around here. There are some low areas that I would categorize as places that will probably not make it, but those are the exception. We do need to dodge some of these rains and get a little sunshine.last_img read more

NBA Finals: Siakam stakes Raptors to 88-81 lead after 3rd

first_imgDon’t miss out on the latest news and information. Two-day strike in Bicol fails to cripple transport PDEA chief backs Robredo in revealing ‘discoveries’ on drug war Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Kevin Durant out with Achilles injury; to undergo MRI on Tuesday PLAY LIST 03:12Kevin Durant out with Achilles injury; to undergo MRI on Tuesday01:43Who are Filipinos rooting for in the NBA Finals?01:08Huge Toronto crowd celebrates Raptors’ historic win02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Catholic schools seek legislated pay hike, too LATEST STORIES Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Ethel Booba twits Mocha over 2 toilets in one cubicle at SEA Games venue Toronto Raptors forward Pascal Siakam (43) drives on Golden State Warriors guard Stephen Curry (30) as Warriors forward Draymond Green (23) helps on defense during the first half of Game 1 of basketball’s NBA Finals, Thursday, May 30, 2019, in Toronto. (Frank Gunn/The Canadian Press via AP)Pascal Siakam has 26 points in 28 minutes, and the Toronto Raptors lead the Golden State Warriors 88-81 after three quarters of Game 1 of the NBA Finals.Siakam is 11 for 13 from the floor in his first finals game.ADVERTISEMENTcenter_img MOST READ View comments DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew Kawhi Leonard has 18 points and Marc Gasol has 16 for the Raptors. Former Golden State guard Patrick McCaw hit a big 3-pointer late in the third for the Raptors, putting them up by seven going into the final period.Siakam heats up for 14 3rd quarter PTS in Game 1! #WeTheNorth FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logistics: ABC : Sportsnet pic.twitter.com/wYGi8ZCTis— NBA (@NBA) May 31, 2019 Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting NBA Finals: Fouls continue to pile up in Game 1 as Green picks up his 4th Draymond Green has 10 points, 10 rebounds and eight assists for the Warriors. Golden State is 29-1 when he records a triple-double.Stephen Curry leads the Warriors with 26 points, and Klay Thompson has scored 15.ADVERTISEMENT ‘Rebel attack’ no cause for concern-PNP, AFPlast_img read more

Commentary Ohio State mens basketball facing major issues as postseason play nears

Poor practices prior to games, on-court chemistry struggles during games and a disengaged star player have started to derail what seemed to be a promising year for the Ohio State men’s basketball team. After losing three of five games and dropping from No. 3 to No. 10 in the rankings during that span, the Buckeyes are facing major issues as the regular season winds down. OSU has two regular season games remaining, but the postgame mood following Sunday’s 63-60 defeat by Wisconsin was that of a NCAA Tournament loss. “Somebody’s got to step up and just be that guy to say, ‘This is enough,’ and bring us all together,” said sophomore forward Deshaun Thomas. It’s clear that the Buckeyes are desperate for leadership as the calendar turns to March, but where will it come from? Conventional wisdom would say that guard William Buford, the team’s lone senior, who sat inches to the right of Thomas as he professed the need for a leader, would be the primary player to speak out and rally the team. But the fact of the matter is that Buford’s leadership style doesn’t fit the needs of the Buckeyes right now. The team needs a vocal presence, something Buford has shown a discomfort with during his four years at OSU. That’s not to say that Buford isn’t a terrific player or a good leader. It’s just that his lead-by-example approach doesn’t seem to mesh well with a team that, aside from Buford, relies heavily on sophomores and a couple freshmen. What about All-American sophomore forward Jared Sullinger, whose past success and national recognition should instantly qualify him as a team leader? Sullinger has been quiet of late, failing to hit double digits points while shooting 1-of-7 on free throws the past two games combined. He was not made available for comment following the loss to Wisconsin, quite possibly his final game at the Schottenstein Center. During the postgame press conference, Matta implied that Sullinger has seemed disinterested lately. “I know this, when Jared is playing his best basketball, he’s engaged and into it,” Matta said. The theme of disengagement was prevalent throughout the team Saturday, leading Matta to throw the Buckeyes out of practice the day before their final home game. That’s a very alarming occurrence this late in the season when a supposed championship-contending team should be locked in for the stretch run. Matta dismissed immaturity as being at the root of OSU’s problems. “My freshmen always come to practice,” he said. “They do a great job. Honestly, I don’t know the answer.” Unfortunately at this point in the season the lightly-played freshmen will be of little help to a team devoid of leadership. If the Buckeyes want to make a serious run in March, the answer will have to come from within the quartet of sophomore guard Aaron Craft, Sullinger, Buford and Thomas. The most likely candidate at this point is Craft, who took the lead on answering postgame questions from the media Sunday. Whether or not this means Craft will elevate his leadership role moving forward remains to be seen. One thing is for sure, if the Buckeyes can’t come together and resolve their issues in the next couple weeks, the disappointment of February will turn into greater disappointment come March. read more

Kompany Our pride has been hurt

first_imgManchester City defender Vincent Kompany says the recent defeats they suffered at the hands of Crystal Palace and Leicester City have hurt their pride.Ahead of Thursday night’s potential title-deciding clash with Liverpool at the Etihad, Kompany still has hope that they can catch up with league leaders Liverpool despite trailing them by seven points.“We shouldn’t focus too much on points at the moment, we know if we can play to our potential we are a good team,” Kompany told Sky Sports.Premier LeaguePremier League Betting: Match-day 5 Stuart Heath – September 14, 2019 Going into the Premier League’s match-day five with a gap already beginning to form at the top of the league. We will take a…“Our pride has been hurt over the last few weeks but we have everything to play for and it depends on us.“It’s one of those key games you live for. Every living soul that comes into the stadium on Thursday has to be ready to fight and give it to them.“And we should be able to pull everything out of the locker for that game.”last_img read more

Mattis Returning to Stanfords Hoover Institution

first_img ADC AUTHOR Former Defense Secretary Jim Mattis is re-joining the Hoover Institution at Stanford University in May as the Davies Family Distinguished Fellow.“I believe we have an obligation to pass on the lessons we’ve learned so that future generations can study, learn and become better,” Mattis said in a press release. “Hoover has made this part of its mission, and I look forward to returning.”Mattis was a fellow at Hoover until he became secretary in January 2017. He left DOD at the end of 2018.DOD photo by Lisa Ferdinandolast_img

Kapil Sharma elated as he celebrates prebirthday bash on The Kapil Sharma

first_imgThe team of Kapil Sharma ShowTwitterKapil Sharma will turn a year older on April 2, 2019, and before the special day arrives, the comedian-actor had a mini pre-birthday party with his The Kapil Sharma Show 2 family on the sets of the show.Kapil’s fan club has posted a few pictures from the birthday celebration on Instagram where the comedian is seen elated as he and his TKSS family gorge on the beautiful cake. Kapil’s mother was also a part of the celebration.Ever since The Kapil Sharma Show is back with its new members including Bharti Singh and Krushna Abhishek, fans have been showering it with lots of love. Many celebrities including Ranveer Singh, Sara Ali Khan, Alia Bhatt, Madhuri Dixit, Ajay Devgn and others have already graced the show to promote their films.Recently, the 37-year-old comedian-actor, who has been a victim of social media trolls just like any other celebrity, revealed that he has learnt to ignore them.At an event, Kapil elaborated his thought on trolls in his own funny way and called them “unplanned children”. When asked how he reacts to trolls on social media, the comedian said: “There are three kinds of followers on social media, one is fans, the second are fans who are also critics and the third breed is of velle (useless) ones. I thank fans who tell me or bring to my notice constructive criticism, but then the third breed has no job but to just spread negativity,” Mid-Day quoted him as saying.He further added: “They are like unplanned children who have come to the world without any planning. They were born because the weather was good. But I have understood that the only way to ignore them is to not pay any attention to them. Initially, I used to react, but now I have started ignoring them. Today, with free data available, people are always on the phone and don’t even give a second thought while talking nonsense on social media.”last_img read more

B Chy suffers mild stroke

first_imgAQM Badruddoza Chowdhury. File PhotoBikalpa Dhara Bangladesh (BDB) president AQM Badruddoza Chowdhury suffered a mild stroke early Friday, reports UNB.“Badruddoza Chowdhury suffered a minor stroke and he was advised to take a two-week full bed rest by his daughter and personal physician Shaila Sharmin Chowdhury,” said B Chowdhury’s press secretary Jahangir Alam.The BDB chief is now under best rest at his residence under the supervision of Shaila Sharmin, he said.Badruddoza Chowdhury urged the countrymen to pray for his early recovery, Jahangir Alam added.last_img

Prosecutors Drop All Remaining Charges in Freddie Gray Case

first_imgBALTIMORE (AP) — Prosecutors dropped the remaining charges Wednesday against three Baltimore police officers awaiting trial in the death of Freddie Gray, bringing an end to the case without a conviction.Marilyn Mosby, Baltimore state’s attorney, pauses while speaking during a media availability, Friday, May 1, 2015 in Baltimore. Mosby announced criminal charges against all six officers suspended after Freddie Gray suffered a fatal spinal injury while in police custody. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)Gray was a black man whose neck was broken while he was handcuffed and shackled but left unrestrained in the back of a police van in April 2015. His death added fuel to the growing Black Lives Matter movement and caused turmoil in Baltimore, including large protests and the worst riots the city had seen in decades.The decision by prosecutors comes after a judge had already acquitted three of the six officers charged in the case, including the van driver who the state considered the most responsible and another officer who was the highest-ranking of the group.A fourth officer had his case heard by a jury, who deadlocked and the judge declared a mistrial.A pretrial hearing had been scheduled Wednesday for Officer Garrett Miller, who had faced assault, misconduct in office and reckless endangerment charges, but instead Chief Deputy State’s Attorney Michael Schatzow told the judge that prosecutors were dropping the charges against Miller and the rest of the officers.Prosecutors and defense attorneys quickly left the courtroom without commenting, but both sides planned news conferences later Wednesday.After Gray’s death, the U.S. Justice Department launched a patterns and practice investigation into allegations of widespread abuse and unlawful arrests by the Baltimore Police Department. The results of the probe have not been released.Prosecutors had said Gray was illegally arrested after he ran away from a bike patrol officer and the officers failed to buckle Gray into a seat belt or call a medic when he indicated he wanted to go to a hospital.State’s Attorney Marilyn Mosby wasted little time in announcing charges after Gray’s death — one day after receiving the police department’s investigation while a tense city was still under curfew — and she did not shy from the spotlight. She posed for magazine photos, sat for TV interviews and even appeared onstage at a Prince concert in Gray’s honor.Three of the officers who were charged were black and three were white.last_img read more