first_imgLEICESTER (4-4-2)SCHMEICHEL,SIMPSON, HUTH,MORGAN, FUCHS,MAHREZ, DRINKWATER, KANTE, ALBRIGHTON,VARDY, ULLOABOURNEMOUTH (4-4-1-1)KING,ARTER,STANISLAS, SURMAN, GOSLING, RITCHIE,DANIELS, COOK,FRANCIS, SMITH,BORUCLeicester start 2016 as joint-top leaders of the Barclays Premier League, though they are second on goal difference following the 0-0 draw at home to Manchester City. Tuesday’s result was a surprise given that teams were joint leading scorers on 37 goals apiece.Leicester return to the King Power Stadium having won five and drawn three of nine games; only title-rivals Arsenal have won there so far. Leicester have now gone two games without a goal – for the first time since March. If they don’t score against Bournemouth it will be the first time since November 2014 that they will have gone three without scoring.Bournemouth lost 2-0 at Arsenal on Monday and face another daunting prospect. The defeat at the Emirates was Bournemouth’s second game in a row without a goal but only the sixth time this season that they have failed to score.The Cherries have lost six and drawn one of their 10 away games so far this season and when the teams met earlier this season at the Vitality Stadium it finished 1-1 with Jamie Vardy netting the equaliser from the penalty spot.But Bournemouth have lost on their last two visits to Leicester and last won there on Boxing Day 1988 in the old Second Division.Bournemouth miss Christian Atsu, Tommy Elphick, Max Gradel, Tyrone Mings and Callum Wilson.Leicester test Jeffrey Schlupp and must check on Danny Drinkwater, who returned against City after a two-match absence.last_img read more


first_imgDefinitionA colonoscopy is an exam that views the insideof the colon (large intestine) and rectum, using a toolcalled a colonoscope.The colonoscope has a small camera attached to a flexible tube that can reach the length of the colon.How the Test is PerformedYouare likely given medicine into a vein to help you relax. You should not feel any pain. Youare awake during the test and may even be able to speak. But youprobably willnot remember anything.You lie on your left side with your knees drawn up toward your chest.The colonoscope is gentlyinserted through the anus. It is carefully moved into the beginning of the largeintestine. The scope is slowly advancedas far as the lowest part of the small intestine.Airis inserted through the scope to provide a better view. Suction may be used to remove fluid or stool.Thedoctor gets a better view as the scope ismoved back out. Therefore, a more careful exam is done while the scope is beingpulled back.Tissue samples (biopsy)orpolypsmay be removed using tiny tools inserted through the scope.Photosmay be taken using the camera at the end of the scope. If needed, procedures, such as laser therapy,are also done.How to Prepare for the TestYour bowelneeds to be completely empty and clean for the exam.A problem in your large intestine that needs to be treated may be missed if your intestines are not cleaned out.Your health care provider willgive you the steps forcleansing your bowel. This is called bowel preparation.Steps may include using enemas, not eating solid foods for 2 or 3 days before the test, and taking laxatives.advertisementYouneed to drink plenty of clear liquids for 1to 3 days before the test. Examples of clear liquids are:Clear coffee or teaFat-free bouillon or brothGelatinSports drinksStrained fruit juicesWaterYou willlikely be told to stop taking aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, or other blood-thinning medicines for several days before the test.Keep taking your other medicines unless your doctor tells you otherwise.You will need to stop taking ironpills or liquidsa fewdays before the test, unless your health care provider tells you it isOK to continue.Iron can make your stooldark black. Thismakes it harder for the doctor toview insideyour bowel.How the Test will FeelThe medicines will make you sleepy so thatmay not feel any discomfort or have anymemory of the test.You may feel pressure as the scope moves inside. You may feel brief cramping and gas pains as air is inserted or the scope advances. Passing gas is necessary and should be expected.After the exam, you may have mild abdominal cramping and pass a lot of gas. You may also feel bloated and sick to your stomach. These soon go away.You should be able to go home about 1 hour after the test. You must plan to have someone take you home after the test, because you will be woozy and unable to drive. The nurses and doctors will not let you leave until someone arrives to help you.When you are home:Drink plenty of liquids. Eat a healthy meal to restore your energy.You should be able to return to your regular activities the next day.Avoid driving, operating machinery, drinking alcohol, and making important decisions for at least 24 hours after the test.Why the Test is PerformedColonoscopy may be donefor the following reasons:Abdominal pain, changes in bowel movements, or weight lossAbnormal changes (such as polyps) found on sigmoidoscopy or x-ray tests (CT scan or barium enema)Anemia due to low iron (usually when no other cause has been found)Blood in the stool, or black, tarry stoolsFollow-up of a past finding, such as polyps or colon cancerInflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease)Screening for colorectal cancerNormal ResultsNormal findings are healthy intestinal tissues.What Abnormal Results MeanAbnormal pouches on the lining of the intestines, called diverticulosisAreas of bleedingCancer in the colon or rectumColitis (a swollen and inflamed intestine) due to Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis, infection, or lack of blood flowSmall growths called polypson thelining of your colon (which can be removed through the colonoscope during the exam)RisksHeavy or ongoing bleeding from biopsy or removal of polypsHole or tear in the wall of the colon that requires surgery to repairInfection needing antibiotic therapy (very rare)Reaction tothe medicine youtake to relax, causing breathing problems or low blood pressureReferences Kimmey MB. Complications of gastrointestinal endoscopy. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtrans Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology/Diagnosis/Management. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Saunders; 2010:chap 40.advertisementNational Comprehensive Cancer Network. NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines): Colorectal cancer screening. Version 2.2013. Available at: http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/pdf/colorectal_screening.pdf. Accessed October 24, 2013.Pasricha PJ. Gastrointestinal endoscopy. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldmans Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 136.Review Date:10/14/2013Reviewed By:George F. Longstreth, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, San Diego, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.last_img read more