History and development of PE and sports

first_img Caribbean’s Olympic history In 1894, Baron Pierre de Coubertin became inspired by a number of events that were held, all claiming to be a revival of the Olympic Games. This led him to set up the International Olympic Committee (IOC), which initiated the modern Olympic Games. The baron had been impressed by the Games he had seen in the English public schools and the athleticism they generated. He wanted to improve the physical health of his countrymen and thought the Olympic Games would be a good way to do it. The first Games took place in Athens, Greece, in 1896, and 241 male athletes from 14 countries competed in nine sports. Today, the Olympic Games are the world’s biggest and most famous sporting event. Held every four years – with both summer and winter sports competition – the aim is to promote the ideals of ï Personal excellence ï Sport as education ï Cultural exchange ï Mass participation ï Fair play ï International understanding. The IOC works to ensure that a lasting legacy is developed, helping the host cities to change their community for the better. They are also working with developing countries to help with expansion of sporting programmes, focusing on education and sports, peace and sports, women and sports, and sports and the environment. The Olympic values of excellence, respect, and friendship are of huge importance before, during, and after the event. The last Olympic Games, in 2012, were held in London, England and 204 countries took part in 26 sports. The next Olympics will be held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 2016, followed by Tokyo, Japan, in 2020. Past Olympic Games 1896 Athens 1900 Paris 1904 St Louis 1908 London 1912 Stockholm 1916 cancelled (World War I) 1920 Antwerp 1924 Paris 1928 Amsterdam 1932 Los Angeles 1936 Berlin 1940-1944 cancelled (World War II) 1948 London 1952 Helsinki 1956 Melbourne 1960 Rome 1964 Tokyo 1968 Mexico City 1976 Montreal 1980 Moscow 1984 Los Angeles 1988 Seoul 1992 Barcelona 1996 Atlanta 2000 Sydney 2004 Athens 2008 Beijing 2012 London The IOC chooses the host city through its members’ votes. Cities, not countries, put their names forward. A number of scandals showed a great deal of bribery was involved in the selection process and new rules were introduced by the IOC in 1999. Cities cannot now be accepted as official candidates until the IOC executive board is satisfied that they are properly prepared and in line with IOC guidelines. Visits by IOC members to such cities and gifts to IOC members are banned. All summer Olympics since 1984 have made a healthy profit. plus, there is status and publicity for both the city and country. They must improve their facilities as well as roads, transportation system, guest accommodation, and tourist attractions. Holding the Olympics provides other commercial opportunities because of the large influx of competitors and spectators during the Games. The first Olympic Games were heavily based on religion and were tributes to the gods of ancient Greece. The Games can be traced as far back as 776 BC and were held every four years in Olympia, Greece, until 393 AD when they were banned by a Christian, Emperor Theodosius I, who saw them as pagan festivals. The ancient Olympics were also an opportunity to show the abilities of young people and to promote good relationships among competing cities. A truce was declared during the Games. all fighting had to stop. Married women were strictly forbidden to watch the Games. The Games initially lasted one day but gradually went to three and then five days of competition. The events included athletics, boxing, wrestling, pentathlon (which consisted of three running races, jumping, and discus throw), chariot racing, equestrian events, and the pancratium, a violent combination of boxing and wrestling. Winners were given laurel wreaths and palm branches, which were highly regarded. The Olympic Gamescenter_img Cuba was the first Caribbean country documented to have entered the Summer Olympic Games, doing so in 1900 in Paris. They won two medals – one gold and a silver – in fencing. Haiti entered in 1924, but it was not until 1948 that teams from a number of Caribbean countries, including Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago, participated. Arthur Wint won Jamaica’s first gold medal, and Rodney Wilkes won a weightlifting bronze for Trinidad and Tobago. In 1998, a meeting of Caribbean delegates took place to discus Caribbean Olympism, and the Caribbean Association of National Olympic Committees was established. The modern Olympicslast_img read more

Kindhearted woman seeks to help Inishowen children with toy donations

first_imgA Kildare woman is hoping to pay forward some generosity she received by helping children in Inishowen.Orla Mayock suffered her own disaster when her Montessori Preschool in Maynooth was destroyed in a fire in May.Everything in the nursery was destroyed, but Orla received overwhelming kindness from people in her community who donated toys and educational materials. She had two van loads of goods in storage in the hope of using them again in September. However as the new term came along Orla was unable to reopen her school. She now wants to share the many donations she received with the children of Inishowen.Homes, schools and businesses faced unimaginable destruction in the flash flooding of August 22nd in Inishowen. After reading of the victim’s plight, Orla made contact with a local childminder in Moville to offer two van loads of toys.“It is such a lovely gesture even after her own disaster with her preschool,” said Angelina Mc Laughlin, who’s childminding business was unaffected by the flooding. Orla’s message to Angelina shares the story of her own misfortune and extends an offer of help to preschools and creches in Inishowen.Orla wrote: “I know the community here would be more than delighted to help and pass them on to ye if we could. Please let me know if anyone or indeed yourselves would benefit from the use of these toys.”Angelina has shared Orla’s message on social media in the hope of finding a school or playgroup which will benefit from the donations. If you work in a school affected by flooding and require these resources, please email Angelinadoherty@yahoo.comKindhearted woman seeks to help Inishowen children with toy donations was last modified: September 6th, 2017 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:CommunityDonationsInishowen floodslast_img read more